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Historically, before synthetic engine oils, mechanics and car owners added transmission fluid to an engine's motor oil to clean the engine's internals of carbon build-up, but is it still safe to put transmission oil in today's engines?
Adding a small amount of transmission fluid to engine oil will not negatively affect the motor oil's ability to lubricate and cool the engine as long as the transmission fluid is manufactured from the same base oil as the engine's oil.
However, adding large amounts of transmission fluid will significantly change the motor oil's chemical composition and, by extension, its ability to properly cool and lubricate the engine, possibly leading to catastrophic engine damage.
Below we go over some of the properties of both engine oil and transmission fluid and why you shouldn't add transmission fluid to your engine's oil.
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No, transmission fluid and engine oil are not the same. Transmission oil is formulated to provide the hydraulic pressure necessary to shift the gears in the transmission. In contrast, engine oil is designed to fulfill its primary purpose of reducing friction between the metal surfaces in the internal combustion engine.
Here is how motor oil and transmission fluid differ from each other:
Motor oil initially starts with a honey-like amber appearance but becomes darker as it circulates through the engine due to high heat and the contaminants present inside the engine.
Transmission fluid ranges from red to green in color. For example, automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) is red, Manual Transmission Fluid is usually dark green, while Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) fluid is green and translucent.
Engine oil is designed to serve several purposes.
Transmission fluid also serves similar purposes but for the transmission rather than the engine.
You should check your vehicle's owner's manual to determine how many miles it can run before it needs engine oil and transmission fluid change.
Engine oil has a shorter lifespan. Usually, it has to be replaced after your car has driven a distance of 3,000 to 6,000 miles. If you don't replace it, the old oil will have a negative impact on your engine's performance.
Transmission oil, on the other hand, lasts longer. Typically, you don't have to change it before your vehicle has traveled 30,000 to 60,000 miles. ATF lasts even longer. You can drive up to 100,000 miles before changing it.
You could have a big problem if you accidentally put transmission fluid in your engine oil, but it depends on how much transmission fluid you added and the transmission fluid's composition.
The probability of damage if you run the engine with the mixed oils is less If the transmission fluids base oil is the same as the engine oils.
However, you should change out the mixed oil for new engine oil as soon as possible and without starting the engine.
Some different ways transmission fluid can affect the motor's engine oil are:
Motor oils contain additives such as detergents that clean the engine's internals.
Transmission fluid may interfere with the detergent's ability to do its job.
Motor oils are formulated to lubricate the various moving parts rubbing against one another inside the engine.
While transmission oil is designed to lubricate, it is not intended to lubricate at an engine's high temperatures, leading to excessive engine wear.
Engine oil must flow easily to get where it needs to be to provide protection. This is particularly important when starting a cold engine.
Transmission fluid may increase the engine oil's viscosity, hampering its ability to flow and provide the protection it needs.
You should avoid mixing transmission fluid with oil.
There was a time when car owners used to mix transmission fluid in their motor oil to rid their engines of the sludge and build-up. But the oils we use nowadays have a superior cleaning ability than transmission fluid. If anything, mixing transmission fluid with engine oil will reduce the oil's efficiency.
If you have mixed transmission fluid with engine oil but have not started your engine yet, you can drain the mixture out.
No, engine oil cannot get into the transmission.
Various seals and bell housing isolate the engine oil and transmission oil.
The only way engine oil can get into the transmission is when it is mistakenly poured there instead of the transmission fluid, which is why you should always double-check the labels of the fluids before putting any in your car.
Transmission fluid and motor oil are formulated differently.
They may share some purposes but are designed to service two separate components of a car.
There was a time when people put transmission fluid in the oil to flush their engine.
These days you have dedicated engine flushing products that can take care of the sludge and deposits in your engine.
If you have mixed transmission fluid with engine oil or vice versa, drain the mixture before starting the car.
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